Ponds are considered most diverse water ecosystem. They are a source of fresh water and thus they support more living species than any river. Other than this, ponds can be used as a model system because they are compact and small in size. It is interesting to note that it is possible to build yard ponds and waterfall designs.
Let us study briefly how to build a waterfall pond.
Step 1: Remove the muddy water
After finding a place to build a waterfall pond, one needs to clean the stone. After cleaning the stone, the next step is the vital one. This is the removal of muddy water. It is advisable to use a sump pump to take out the muddy water. Ponds are made exclusively for freshwater, so it is important to clear out all the muddy water.
Step 2: Create a stream design
Ideally, the steam should start from the first waterfall from the topmost filter. So while designing the stream what one needs to consider is the placement of the next waterfall. To make it more clear, there is a way out, one can connect the two points with spray paint. This process needs to be repeated until the stream reaches the waterfall entrance point at the stream. The placement of the stones will also play a major role. It will determine the sound, force, and rush of the water.
Step 3: Dig out the stream
In this whole process what requires most of the effort is to dig out the stream. The stream should be dug strictly as planned out in the design. The importance and relevance of design are felt here. There are also side-works that need to be carried out simultaneously. One needs to keep the soil and use it to build up the sides. This will let the water flow in the way one wants.
Step 4: Build the waterfalls
This is another crucial step which needs to be carried out with utmost precision. Try using larger stones so as to frame the corners and sides of the waterfall. In an impulsive attempt what people do is put small and flat rocks to create the waterfalls. One should avoid it as much as possible. This is because smaller stones offer less resistance and when too many small stones are accumulated there are gaps between them.
So, when the current hits these stones, their gaps let the water come out as leaks. One can try to play with the width and depth of the waterfalls and also with sheeting effects.
Step 5: Create the stream
This work needs precision as it’s about the creation of a stream. It is important to line the stream with stones. The stream bed also needs to be filled. It can be filled best with gravel.
Step 6: Look at everything once again
It is important to take a quick look at the working of the waterfall pond. One can incorporate more stones and driftwood to give the pond more natural look.